Carlos Morra and Ernst Franzek: Psychopathological Symptoms


Definition: Not performing the requested action or performing the opposite (Ban 1989).


Exploration: The patient is requested to lift his/her arm and either does not respond or puts down his/her arm (Bush et al. 1963).



Ban TA. CODE DD Composite Diagnostic Evaluation of Depressive Disorders. Breentwood: JM Productions; 1989, p. 21. 

Bush G, Fink M, Petrides G, Dowling F, Francis A. Catatonia: I. Rating scale and standarized examination. Acta Psychiatr Scand 1996; 93:129-36.


Carlos Morra and Ernst Franzek

October 6, 2016