Carlos Morra and Ernst Franzek: Psychopathological Symptoms


Definition: Absence of voluntary, reactive and expressive movements with maintenance of same position (Fink and Taylor, 2003; Petho and Ban, 1989).


Exploration: The presence of immobility can be established by observing the patient with or without interacting with him/her.




Fink M, Taylor MA. Catatonia. A clinician´s guide to diagnosis and treatment. Cambrige: Cambridge University Press; 2003, p. 237.

Petho B, Ban TA. DCR Budapest-Nashville in the diagnosis and classification of functional psychoses. Psychopathology 1989;21:153-240.


Carlos Morra and Ernst Franzek

January 12, 2017