Carlos Morra and Ernst Franzek: Psychopathological Symptoms

Echoing approval


Definition: Patient´s answers are positive or negative in direct correlation to the syntactical structure or the intonation of the questions (Ghika, Bogouslavsky, Ghika-Schmd and Regli 1996).


Exploration: The presence of echoing approval can be established by interviewing the patient.



Ghika J, Bogousslavsky J, Ghika-Schmid F, Regli F. "Echoing approval": a new speech disorder. J Neurol 1996; 243: 633-7


January 30, 2020